Adipose Tissue Remodeling in Lipedema: Adipocyte Death and Concurrent Regeneration
Suga H, Araki J, Noriyuki A, Kato H, Higashino T, Yoshimura K; 2009
Synopsis: This article describes the features of lipedema tissue and of fat tissue not affected by lipedema, obtained from a typical patient with severe lipedema.
Abstract: Lipedema is a disease with unknown etiology presenting as bilateral and symmetric enlargement of the lower extremities due to subcutaneous deposition of the adipose tissue. Here we describe the histopathological features of the lipedema tissue and nonaffected adipose tissue obtained from a typical patient with severe lipedema. Immunohistochemical analyses indicated degenerative and regenerative changes of the lipedema tissue, characterized by crown-like structures (necrotizing adipocytes surrounded by infiltrating CD68+ macrophages; a feature commonly seen in obese adipose tissue) and proliferation of adipose-derived stem/progenitor/stromal cells (Ki67+CD34+ cells), respectively. These findings suggested increased adipogenesis in the lipedema tissue, which may further lead to hypoxia similar to that seen in obesity, resulting in adipocyte necrosis and macrophage recruitment. The confinement to the lower extremities and the difference from systemic obesity warrants further elucidation in future studies.
Keywords: lipedema, lipoedema, adipose tissue, fat, adipogenesis
PubMed Link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19281484
Other Link: http://lipoedeem.info/Suga_Yoshimura.pdf
APA Citation: Suga, H., Araki, J., Aoi, N., Kato, H., Higashino, T., & Yoshimura, K. (2009). Adipose tissue remodeling in lipedema: adipocyte death and concurrent regeneration. Journal Of Cutaneous Pathology, 36(12), 1293-1298. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0560.2009.01256.x
AMA Citation: Suga H, Araki J, Aoi N, Kato H, Higashino T, Yoshimura K. Adipose tissue remodeling in lipedema: adipocyte death and concurrent regeneration. Journal of Cutaneous Pathology. 2009;36(12):1293-1298. doi:10.1111/j.1600-0560.2009.01256.x.